Injuries to the face, head, and neck can range from lacerations (cuts), broken teeth, to broken bones. With the exception of eyes and the brain, all areas are treated in the practice. Treatment can be from closure of the lacerations, to setting the broken bones, to moving other pieces of tissue to repair the defects.
Mandible (lower jaw) Fractures
Breaks of the lower jaw are treated depending on the severity of the breaks. For breaks where the pieces are still in place and teeth are present, wiring the jaws together is the commonest treatment. For more severe breaks use of small plates, screws, or wires may be used to hold the pieces in a stable position while the bone heals.
Maxillary (upper jaw) Fractures
Breaks of the upper jaw are similar to those in the lower jaw, but are more reliably treated as the upper jaw is not a moveable part.
The nose is commonly injured and treatment is dictated by the severity of the break. It is not uncommon to treat these injuries later after the swelling has been reduced.
Zygomatic (cheekbone and eye socket) Fractures
Treatment of these breaks usually involves the use of very small plates and screws to stabilize the break while it is healing.
Frontal Bone (forehead) Fractures
Treatment of these injuries frequently involves management of the frontal sinus which is in this bone.
Injuries to the soft tissue of the face are usually repaired immediately, but often require secondary repair for more ideal results.